Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking | Webinar 
20 – 22 February 2023 | 10:00 – 12:30
The webinar extends over three sessions. We will cover issues like what is ‘human trafficking’? What are the key features of human trafficking cases in the courts, what has been achieved by the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act of 2013 (PACOTIP) and the National Policy Framework (NPF) in protecting trafficking victims and in preventing trafficking in general?

About this webinar

Session 1 (NATURE):
What is ‘human trafficking’ (or, as is sometimes deemed, ‘modern slavery’)? How does it differ from human smuggling? Who characteristically gets trafficked or enslaved, and who are the key perpetrators? Why is human trafficking labelled as ‘one of the key humanitarian challenges of the 21st Century’ and how does this relate to the prevalence of trafficking in South and Southern Africa?

Session 2 (LAW):
What are the key features of human trafficking cases in the courts? What laws exist to prosecute human trafficking and how have these evolved since the turn of the millennium? What is the PACOTIP (the Prevention and Combating of Human Trafficking Act of 2013) and what is the NPF (National Policy Framework) on human trafficking?

What has been achieved by the PACOTIP and the NPF in protecting trafficking victims and in preventing trafficking in general? What are the main barriers to effective counter-trafficking at present? What is the future of human trafficking management in the short to medium term, both in South Africa and in the sub-continental context?

Topics to be covered will include:

  • The specific nature of human trafficking (or people trafficking and (TIP) i.e., Trafficking in Persons)\
  • The similarities and differences between commercial sex trafficking, child trafficking and economic trafficking for cheap labour.
  • The individuals and groups most at risk of being trafficked.
  • Labour trafficking as a feature of the South African economy.
  • The role of organised crime in trafficking networks.
  • What has been emplaced in the public policy realm to assist the identification and prosecution of traffickers that works and what need to be ‘fixed.’

Benefits of attending

To gain comprehensive insight into the different forms of employment contracts, the legislation governing employment contracts and skills to draft compliant permanent and fixed-term employment contracts. Delegates will also gain insight into the different forms of disputes which may arise from employment contracts.

By the end of the webinar, participants should have –

  • An understanding of the factors precipitating accelerating trafficking in South Africa and its neighbours.
  • The subtle distinctions between various forms of trafficking as serious criminal offences.
  • The opportunities and barriers to the successful prosecution of trafficking crimes.

What is being done by government and civil society to inhibit trafficking – and what not?

Background to this presentation

Human trafficking has been labelled as an ‘atrocity crime’, on par with war crimes and South and Southern Africa is one of the top ten regions for this criminal activity across the world. There are an estimated 250,000 victims around us, and the number has increased persistently since the advent of the Covid pandemic.

In South Africa and among its regional neighbours there are various forces that encourage trafficking of women (for commercial sex trafficking), of children, as well as men (both for sexual purposes and cheap labour in all sectors of the economy).

Governments and civil society throughout the region have failed to develop effective counter-trafficking policies and mechanisms and hardly any prosecutions for trafficking occur. There are few arrests, few successful prosecutions, and fewer sentences for perpetrators commensurate with the profound seriousness of their crimes.

Vulnerable populations remain at risk because of poor systems to prevent trafficking. There is also little protection for victims and survivors of trafficking who are inevitably maimed for life.


Professor Frankel holds a Doctorate in Philosophy from Princeton University and was previously the Head of the Department of Political Studies at the University of the Witwatersrand.

He has spent over a decade analysing human trafficking both in Southern Africa and on a world-wide basis. He has presented seminars and workshops across the globe, has worked extensively for the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Criminal Court (ICC) in Rwanda, as well as an array of non-governmental organisations such as Save the Children and the Red Cross.

He is the author of two books on human trafficking – ‘Long Walk to Nowhere: Human Trafficking in Post-Mandela South Africa’ (published internationally in 2017 by Routledge), and ‘Human Trafficking in South Africa’, published by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), and scheduled for release in January 2023.


Webinar dates: 20 – 22 February 2023 | 10:00 – 12:30
Closing date for registrations: 17 February 2023

Who should register?

Legal practitioners, candidate legal practitioners, support staff and legal advisors.

Cost of the webinar

Practising Legal Practitioners : R1 730.00 (including VAT) per participant
Candidate Legal Practitioners : R 870.00 (including VAT)per participant
Others | Non-legal Practitioners : R2 830.00 (including VAT) per participant

Confirmation of attendance will be on a first-come, first-served basis. Register as soon as possible to secure your space.

How to register

Kindly note that you can only register online and that there are limited places available. Participants should be registered individually to enable the system to generate a unique username and password for each person.

Payment should be made by electronic funds transfer (EFT) only. Remember to upload the proof of payment (PDF) in step 2.LSSA banking details: Account name: Law Society of South Africa | Bank: FNB Pretoria | Branch code: 251445 | Account no: 6200 9641 079 | Reference: Your Surname, name and cell number


Once you have successfully registered to participate, you will receive confirmation that we have received your registration documentation. You will receive a system-generated e-mail with a link (Microsoft Teams) to the webinar at least 24 hours before the webinar starts. Read the instructions in the e-mail carefully and test your link (Microsoft Teams) to the webinar page at least 20 minutes before it starts.
For more information about this webinar contact the Seminars department:

Email: seminars@LSSALEAD.ORG.ZA | Please note we only communicate via e-mail should you need more information.

Please take note

  • The LSSA will not accept liability if the fees are not paid into the designated LSSA bank account.
  • The webinar is conducted in English only.
  • Should you need to cancel your registration, this must be done in writing within two business days before the closing date to avoid the full fee being charged.

Course Dates

Cost of the webinar

  • Practising Legal Practitioners : R1 730.00 (including VAT) per participant
  • Candidate Legal Practitioners : R 870.00 (including VAT)per participant
  • Others | Non-legal Practitioners : R2 830.00 (including VAT) per participant